Friday, September 24, 2010

The Winter Blues Just Might Make You SAD.

Ever get that feeling of melancholy during the fall, and lasting into the winter months? If you do, this could be more than just the Winter could be Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), which is a form of depression that can sap your energy, decrease your motivation, and send you firmly into a winter funk.

As the leaves begin to change, and the chilly bite of fall is in the air, it's fitting to discuss Seasonal Affective Disorder, commonly referred to as "SAD".  SAD is a type of depression that occurs at the same time each year and can be debilitating. Most people suffering from this disorder show signs in the fall and throughout the winter months. Less frequently, you might experience this increased depression in the spring/summer months. The key to this disorder is that the increase in depressive symptoms occurs at the same time each year.  There is treatment available for SAD, and handing this problem appropriately through phototherapy (light therapy), psychotherapy and medications, can help you maintain a stable mood all year long.

According to the, there are several types of SAD that you could experience.

* Fall and Winter Seasonal Affective disorder, also known as winter depression includes symptoms such as:
      - increased feelings of sadness and hopelessness
     - decreased energy
      - isolating or withdrawing from social situations
      - lack of interested in previously enjoyed activities
      -  weight gain
      - increased sleep
      - problems with concentration and thinking clearly

*Spring and Summer Seasonal Affective Disorder, also known as summer depression, is somewhat different, ad includes symptoms such as:
     - Anxiety
     - Trouble with sleep
     - Agitation and irritation
     - Poor appetite and wight loss
     - Increased sex drive

* Reverse Seasonal Affective Disorder, which is a third type of mood disturbance, can include what is known as mania, or hypo mania. This means the mood is elevated, thoughts and speech can be racing or rapid, and agitation can be present. Other symptoms include:
     -Increased social activity
     - Hyperactivity
     - Elevated mood

You might be at elevated risk for SAD if you are female, you have a family history of SAD, and the farther away from the equator you are located. It is believed that this may be, in part, due to your chemical makeup, your age, and things such as your Melatonin and Serotonin levels (chemicals that help regulate sleep and mood), and your natural biological clock (or Circadian rhythms).  

If you have some days during the fall/winter where you feel blue, it may be perfectly normal. However, if you feel depressed for days and days and cannot snap out of it, you may need to see a doctor. If it worsens, or you have changes in your sleep habits, increases in drug or alcohol usage, or thoughts of hopelessness or suicide, you should seek help from a your doctor or a psychologist. 

Treatments for SAD include medications, most commonly antidepressants. Keep in mind that it may take several weeks for antidepressants to reach their maximum effectiveness and you should continue to take the medication until the doctor tells you to decrease or stop.  Another important component in your treatment is psychotherapy with a skilled psychologist.  This will help you learn ways to cope with your feelings of depression, identify negative thought patterns that make you more depressed, and learn strategies to improve your mood.  Finally, light therapy (also known as photo therapy) can be used. This treatment consists of sitting a few feet from a special light box so that you receive a certain level of light. This is different than a regular lamp and needs to be purchased specifically for this purpose.  Check with your physician or psychologist before purchasing a light therapy box.

SAD can be a debilitating and difficult disorder, but, as with other forms of depression, HELP IS AVAILABLE.


Friday, September 3, 2010

Stressed out? Part 2: Tips and tricks to manage your stress

Tips to Manage Your Stress

In Part 1 of this series, we examined stress: what it is, how it develops and the way our bodies respond to it.  When we are stressed, we often feel as if we are out of control of things in our lives, finances, family, work, and our environment. This sometimes leaves us feeling paralyzed and helpless to change things; when we feel helpless, we feel STRESSED OUT.  Here are some helpful tips and tricks to identify and manage your stress.

The importance of balance - When your life is "out of whack", without a balance of work/play, relationships/time alone, stress/fun, you can begin to feel that old familiar feeling of increased anxiety and stress. It is important to plan time to have a variety of activities and to be sure to allow enough time to sleep, eat well, and relax. Many people underestimate the important of sleep and diet, and it is clear that you must get enough sleep and the right nutrition, or your physical and mental health will suffer.

Know your sources of stress and frustration - It can be tricky enough to manage stressors we know about, but many people do not fully realize what their sources of stress are.  One of the keys to stress management is to take stock in your situation. This will allow you to effectively identify and label your stressors. A few key points:
       * Sources of stress are not always apparent
       * Sources of stress are not always negative
       * Sources of stress are sometimes - well, YOU.

Keeping track of times that you feel more stressed (i.e., a journal or chart can be helpful with this) can help you identify sources of stress. When you look at these events objectively, you might begin to see a pattern. Or, you might see some things that surprise you.

Identify the ways you currently cope with stress -  Learning more about your own style of stress management can help you develop healthy habits. Many of us use unhealthy coping strategies, that can help decrease stress temporarily, but will cause lasting long term problems. These include:
     *Smoking, drinking or using drugs to relax
     *Overeating or not eating when stressed
     *Spending all of your time alone
     *Sleeping too much
     *Taking your problems out on those around you.

Choose some healthier ways to manage your stress - It is important to remember that there are as many ways to handle stress as there are people, and no two are alike. You have to find the stress management strategies that best fit your personality, lifestyle and interests. For example, some people find yoga and meditation relaxing and use this an an effective tool to manage stress. For some, the thought of sitting on a mat is like torture; or may prefer to be active and use exercise to relieve stress. The best plan is to try a variety of different techniques to see which ones fit you best. Once you find your preferences, be sure to MAKE TIME FOR THEM ON A REGULAR BASIS. For example in her blog, Blogger Barbara Kosciewicz discusses how yoga practice can reduce stress.

The following links provide more tips to manage stress, include a more extensive list of suggestions you might try. If you still need help, or your unhealthy stress management habits are negatively affecting your life or those around you ASK FOR HELP.


Share |